Developmental Delay in Children
All children develop at their own pace and time, some will develop faster in some areas than in others. And it is common for siblings or twins to develop at different rates. For example, 1 child may be able to speak in short sentence by age 2 years old, whereas another may only be starting to speak a single word at this age). However when a child is taking too long to develop these skills they may need additional support to help bring them on.
Developmental delay is when a child takes longer to achieve the predicted developmental milestones. This may be in just one area (e.g speech or gross motor skills) or be delayed in a number of areas. The domains of development include; Speech and Language, Cognition, Vision and Awareness, Social and Emotions, Fine and Gross motor skills. Developmental delay in children is thought to affect 10-15% of preschool aged children.
Sometimes there can be a significant delay in a number of areas, this may be referred to as Global Developmental Delay. This is less common and has been found to occur in 1-3% of preschool children.
Your health visitor should monitor your child’s progress and you may be asked to complete their ASQ (Ages and Stages Questionnaire) at regular intervals throughout your child’s growth, usually at 2-3 months, 6 months, 9-12 months and 18 months etc. This will help to identify any areas of delay sooner rather than later.
You can also find a checklist of milestones on the link below: